National Association for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms She publishes her study on the repercussions of the Russian-Ukrainian war And its impact on the mechanisms of work of the United Nations
The Studies and Research Unit of the National Society for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms issued a research study on “The Repercussions of the Russian-Ukrainian War and its Impact on the Mechanisms of the United Nations Work.” imposed on Russia by the European Union and the United States of America, the challenges facing civilians during the Russian bombing of Ukraine, and the extent to which the refugee problem has exacerbated, and the statement of the United Nations position towards them.
The study was divided into three chapters, the first chapter dealt with the nature of Russian-Ukrainian relations and the real and declared causes that led to the war, and the first chapter was divided into two sections. And Russia’s position on those crises. The second topic dealt with the reasons announced by Russian President Putin to justify his invasion of Ukraine and to test the logicality of those announced reasons and to clarify the real reasons for the invasion.
In the second chapter, the study dealt with international sanctions and their repercussions on Russia. The chapter is divided into: The first topic, which deals with the sanctions imposed by Western countries and the United States on Russia, in addition to the sanctions of multinational companies, and a statement of the position of the Security Council and the General Assembly of the United Nations on the invasion. Those sanctions affected Russia.
The third chapter dealt with the subject of United Nations reform and the fate of refugees. The first topic of this chapter dealt with the necessity of reforming and amending the Security Council and its voting system, and how the voting system in the Security Council has become an obstacle to the work of the United Nations in achieving international peace and security. And the need to put in place a more effective mechanism that works to protect them in light of international wars.
The study reached several results, the most important of which are:
• Russian President Vladimir Putin wants to restore the international status of the former Soviet Union, and its invasion of Ukraine is part of this project.
• The United Nations system, specifically the Security Council, is going through the worst period since its establishment, which represents fragility and weakness that threatens global peace and security.
• The Security Council has long since become an obstacle to the work of the United Nations, and the voting system in which the “veto” has brought it under the control of the major powers.
• It has become expected that in the event of the development of the Russian-Ukrainian war and the increase of tension between Russia and the West, it could lead to a third world war that would be a collapse of the United Nations similar to the collapse of the League of Nations during World War II or radical reform.
• The failure of the international community to put in place effective mechanisms to protect civilians during war and mechanisms for dealing with asylum.
The study presented several suggestions and recommendations, the most important of which are:
• The United Nations should amend the voting system during Security Council sessions, by canceling the veto right or placing restrictions and conditions on its use.
• There must be guarantees for the use of the veto right within the Security Council so as not to conflict with the Charter of the United Nations and respect for human rights, and there must be a role for the International Court of Justice in this regard.
• The United Nations must put in place a more effective mechanism to protect civilians during wars and guarantees to protect refugees while receiving them.
• The need to take urgent measures to assist the countries hosting refugees on their territories.