“The phenomenon of suicide … motives and methods of prevention”
The National Association for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms issued its report on the “phenomenon of suicide … motives and methods of prevention”, where the phenomenon of suicide is considered an aggressive behavior and no society is free of it, but its percentage varies according to the variation of civilization and culture from one society to another. It is one of the ugliest human tragic images in which the killer and the murdered person are the same person. What are those feelings and reasons that lead a person to think about ending his life and committing suicide?
In its report, the National Defense Association monitored, specifically in the recent period, the expansion of this phenomenon and its spread across all societies, and in the last decade the World Health Organization recorded 40 suicides per 100,000 people, which threatens to turn society into disintegration so that suicide is the greatest threat to human existence. A report by the World Health Organization that suicide rates have increased over the past forty-five years by an average of 60%. Looking at the causes of this phenomenon, we find that they are complex and intertwined, and therefore the study aims to reveal those motives and reasons that led to the suicide act and try to provide solutions to control this growing problem.
Given the extent and spread of the phenomenon of suicide, the participation of the National Association for the Defense of Rights and Freedoms was required through this report to present the most important reasons and motives that cause this phenomenon, including health and psychological causes such as despair, depression, death anxiety and other psychological diseases that lead to suicide, including social reasons such as forced marriage and harassment Incest and cases of excessive family violence that are accompanied by cursing, cursing, humiliation, cases of electronic blackmail, and the separation of parents. Including economic and financial reasons such as poverty, unemployment and economic decline. And political and military reasons such as civil wars and political conflicts. Including religious reasons such as weak or lack of religious scruples and ignorance.
The report also focused on the need for good media coverage of suicide incidents, as we believe in the importance of the media’s role in combating and combating social phenomena and raising awareness of their dangers, which confirms that the wrong media coverage may indirectly encourage suicide. Therefore, we present a number of recommendations to the media, including:
1. Using language free of excitement when covering suicide incidents, and that the title expresses the incident without adding a kind of drama or using provocative terms, and avoiding making it a normal or natural issue, but expressing this act as a negative act, and choosing it is not a solution to dilemmas and problems. In addition to refraining from referring to the method of suicide or disclosing the content of the suicide message, if any.
2. Placing suicide incidents on the inside pages of newspapers and at the bottom of the page, and regarding news bulletins on radio and television, such news should come at the end of the bulletin rather than being issued by news bulletins.
The report concluded by presenting methods of treatment for suicide through the family, which is the mainstay for addressing this issue along with the state, media and religious awareness to form a generation capable of overcoming problems and crises with an aware and conscious mind. The report concluded a number of recommendations, including:
Increasing awareness campaigns about the dangers of depression, especially in the event of exposure to social pressures and economic crises.
1. Spreading awareness through traditional and modern media of the need to report any case with intent to commit suicide, in order to provide assistance to such cases.
2. The necessity of directing research and scientific centers to the importance of studying social issues in general and suicide in particular, and working to find proposals and solutions that contribute to controlling the problem of suicide.
3. Educating young people through programs and activities to strengthen their faith and raise their moral and ethical level, to be able to face life’s difficulties with conscious and conscious minds.
4. Intensifying the state’s efforts to improve the economic and social conditions for young people and providing facilities to provide them with a decent life.
5. Establishing a database at the level of the Republic showing the numbers of suicide cases and attempts, and then developing a treatment plan to reduce this phenomenon in the future.